Sports activities are not exempt from worldwide lighting regulations. Major events such as the World Cups must meet certain average lighting levels as established by the International Federation of Associated Football (FIFA).
For the World Cup in Germany 2006, the maximum house of football established that each court should be 2500 luxes and for 2010, in the World Cup in South Africa, 3500 lux. This requirement was not considered by the organizers as no stadium in these countries and even the world, meets these days.
Technological advances, television networks, referees and players, are those that demand the organism these demands. Other entities of the world sport also join these guidelines and establish rules to follow with their respective events.
Some stadiums are characterized by the multifunctionality of their spaces, because they can perform various sports such as football, basketball, baseball, athletics, football, as well as musical shows or mass events, so you must contemplate a special lighting that meets with the demands of each sport mentioned.
Each of them has various characteristics to which the lighting must adapt; A tennis court is a small space, but the ball travels at high speed; A soccer field has wide dimensions that must comply with lighting levels that allow a good show for all fans.
Being able to implement the lighting that satisfies the needs of the spectators becomes a complicated task when the building has already been built, however, when the stadium is being built, this work becomes simpler, since from the construction stage the design is made to that is consistent with the construction, thus contemplating the type of cables, controls, circuits, the position of the luminaires, etc.
For the installation of light in sports stadiums should be thought of a lighting that meets the horizontal and vertical planes, that is, that the player alum in 360 degrees; that appreciates the front, the sides and that the opponent can see well, in the same way, that is able to look up for the balls up.
In addition to this, the lighting must be uniform, which deals with the gradient of light on the court, where all the points have practically the same amount of light so that no shadows are formed.
The performance of color, is one more aspect to take into account, which must go above 90%. The intention is to provide lighting conditions as close to daylight as the athlete feels more comfortable since he performs almost all of his activities during this time.
The color temperature should be 4250 degrees Kelvin, according to what FIFA establishes for a normal television broadcast, and 5500 degrees Kelvin in HD broadcast.
The glare is a critical aspect, because if a goalkeeper is dazzled he can finish the play in goal; FIFA also establishes levels that will benefit the participants of a match and the television networks.
With a correct installation of lighting in sports venues, FIFA can recommend to those who have made the best lighting in the world and institutions of world renown such as IESNA, IALD, PLDA, that although they do not endorse you as an illuminator, they recognize you as an entity that has the knowledge to carry out a work of this type.